The full form of FIR is First Information Report. It is a document that contains the necessary details related to the crime committed by a criminal. But let us tell that FIR is not conclusive evidence of any crime committed by any person. FIR is the first point of investigation of any criminal incident. This means that whenever a crime is committed and when it is reported to the police or it is reported to the police, the documents prepared by the police are called FIR. This FIR contains complete information about the crime. It is such a report after which the police start their investigation.
Whenever someone registers his complaint in the nearest police station, the police prepare an FIR and it is stamped after getting the signature of the station president, the complainant. After this, a copy of it is handed over by the police to the complainant.
There are many reasons for registering an FIR, such as when a crime or accident occurs, the police are informed about it and FIR is registered. When many people are in danger of their life or property or they get death threats, then they register an FIR in their safety so that they do not face any further danger.
When an FIR is registered, an anti is made in the register by the police. And when everything is correct, when the FIR is registered, then the police start their investigation on the matter.
What information is present in the FIR
- FIR file name
- Name of the victim or complainant
Description or information of the offense
- Place and time of crime Statements of witnesses (if any)
- In case the offender is identified, the person’s name and details
Why is it necessary to register an FIR?
When any crime or incident happens, it is very important to register an FIR in it because FIR itself helps in the process of justice. And unless the FIR is registered, the police cannot start its investigation. Once an FIR is registered, after its registration no one can change the contents of the FIR except by the decision of the Supreme Court or the High Court.
What is the process to register FIR?
The procedure for registering an FIR is given in Section 154 of the Code of Criminal Procedure Act, 1973. When the complainant or victim provides information to the police orally, it should be written by the police.
When any person or victim informs the police about the crime or makes a complaint, it has to be recorded with the police. It is your right to register an FIR in the event of a crime and if the police do not register an FIR, then you can complain to the court.
When the police register the FIR, it is your right to read the details. After the FIR is registered by the police, the victim or the person providing information about the crime is required to sign it.
You should sign the report after verifying all the details in the report as per the information provided to the police.
Those who do not know how to read and write can put their thumb impression. But remember that unless you are sure that all the details are correct or it is a valid record. Till then no thumb should be put on any document.
If the police do not give you a copy after the FIR is registered, then you can demand it. Because it is your right to have it.
What is FIR?
When a crime is reported to the police, then the first document that it prepares is called FIR.
Under what circumstances can an FIR be lodged?
Whenever a criminal incident happens to you or you were present there during the incident, you can register your complaint in writing or orally, or through a phone call. An FIR can also be lodged by you for the crime committed against any of your close ones.
Who can file FIR?
An FIR can be lodged by a person with whom a criminal incident has happened or a person in front of whom an incident has happened.
What to do if the police do not register an FIR?
If registering your FIR in the police station is accepted, then you can complain in writing to SP (Superintendent of Police) or DIG (Deputy Inspector General of Police) and IG (Inspector General of Police). They will definitely investigate this matter. Apart from this, you can also file a complaint in the court of your area.